Fever is defined as an oral temperature >100.0°F or a rectal temperature >100.8°F or a temperature higher than an individual’s known normal daily value.
In infants: Fever is defined as a core body temperature ≥ 100.4°F.
Several studies have documented that peak temperature tends to be in the afternoon and is
highest at about 18 to 24 months of age, when many normal healthy children have a
temperature as high as 101°F.
Why is it important to treat fever in children?
Fever is one of the most troublesome symptoms for parents, caregivers, and Doctors. If untreated, it may progress to brain damage, seizures, and death.
Even though fever management differs in specific clinical situations, in some cases it may
increase metabolic and oxygen consumption, hence, treatment may sometimes be needed.
A clinical report from the American Academy of Paediatrics has suggested that the primary aim
of offering treatment for a febrile child should be to improve the wholesome comfort level of the
child and not just reduce the temperature.
A long-acting anti-pyretic will offer a long-lasting reduction of body temperature and provide the
Doctor also believe that the risk of heat-related adverse outcomes is increased
with a temperature above 104°F, and almost 90% of Doctors prescribe
antipyretic therapy at temperatures>102°F.
Febrile seizures are the most common type of acute seizure, affecting approximately 2-14% of
children aged 6 months to 6 years worldwide. Presently, Paracetamol, Mefenamic Acid, and
Ibuprofen are the anti-pyretics of choice used to treat fever in children.